“I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people— for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness.” 1 Timothy 2:1-2
Here Paul elaborates on what will build up the church. In these verses, Paul uses four of the seven New Testament terms for prayer. The word “first” indicates corporate prayer and worship were not only first among the practical issues raised by Paul in this Epistle, but they are also of primary importance for fulfilling the charge to Timothy outlined in chapter 1.
“Supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings” are four synonyms for prayer, each with a different nuance. “Supplications” are offered for specific benefits or needs. “Prayers” is a common New Testament term, denoting a wide array of petitions. “Intercessions” are appeals for others made to God with boldness and childlike trust. And, “thanksgivings” are expressions of gratitude for mercies received. These are always appropriate, even when earthly circumstances are difficult, because we are never separated from God’s love and mercy in Christ.
“All people” is meant to be an inclusive term meaning even unbelievers and enemies of the Church are included in the Church’s prayers.
“Kings” … Paul does not even exclude the notorious emperor Nero, ruler of the Roman Empire. All governing authorities are instituted by God, thus deserving of respect.
“High positions” means all prominent public officials are to be included in the Church’s prayers. “Peaceful and quiet life” means a stable civil government which would allow Christians to carry out their vocations unhindered and without harassment. The uncommon prosperity and peace of the Roman Empire opened many doors for Paul to carry out his ministry throughout the Mediterranean world. Paul himself was a citizen of Rome.
God’s blessings on your day…